Incredible! Laddoos Made With Cereal, Legumes Found At Harappa Site


Spherical food balls or Laddoos have been found at a Harappan excavation site.Photo: iStock

Indians’ love for laddoos knows no bounds. These sweet balls of indulgence are the go-to dessert for any occasion. The best thing about the humble laddoo is that it can be made with innumerable ingredients in various combinations. Whether it’s a Besan Laddoo or a Motichoor one, these delicate creations simply melt-in-the-mouth! If you ever wondered about the history of laddoo and how old the recipe is, we may have found the answer. Scientists from the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow (BSIP) and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) have found seven ‘food balls’ at a Harappan excavation site in western Rajasthan.

As per the study, published in Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Volume 37, the researchers have found seven, closely-spaced, similar-sized spheroids or food balls at the Harappan excavation site. Further studies were conducted into the composition of these food balls or laddoos, which were said to have an ‘agricultural origin’, made primarily with plant-based organic compounds.

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The primary composition of the Laddoos was Moong Dal. 

The study further stated that the dominant ingredient used in the laddoo was Mung Beans (Vigna Radiata). They also found traces of Magnesium, Calcium and Potassium in the spherical structures. “We surmise these spheroids were mainly made up of food grains comprising both cereals and legumes,” states the abstract of the study.

So, clearly, the use of ‘food balls’ or Laddoos can be traced back to as early as 2600 BCE. Could these spheres or Laddoos be used as offerings for ritualistic purposes or were they simply intended to be eaten as regular food? The study suggests that it may be a bit of both, “the concept of offerings for some ritual or multi-nutritive compact food balls for instant nutrition as food-supplement, perhaps prevailing during that period. The presence of bull figurines, handheld copper adze and a Harappan seal in the vicinity of these seven food balls signify that humans revered all these commodities due to their utility and importance to them.”

What did you think of this incredible finding? Tell us your thoughts in the comments below. 

About Aditi AhujaAditi loves talking to and meeting like-minded foodies (especially the kind who like veg momos). Plus points if you get her bad jokes and sitcom references, or if you recommend a new place to eat at.


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